|A refugee family from Somalia in their residence in Nairobi, Kenya. More than fifty percent of refugees in Africa live in urban areas. (Peter Balleis S.J. — Jesuit Refugee Service)|
|"Since the Kenyan government announced in December that all refugees and asylum-seekers in Nairobi should move to Dadaab and Kakuma camps, we have seen a dramatic increase in attacks on refugees and Kenyans of ethnic Somali origin." ~ Lucy Kiama, Executive Director of the Refugee Consortium of Kenya speaking on behalf of the Urban Refugee Protection Network.|
(Nairobi) January 24, 2013 — A number of civil society groups, including Jesuit Refugee Service, strongly urged the Kenyan government on Tuesday to end police harassment and abuse of refugees and protect the basic human rights of all refugees and Kenyan citizens.
"Since the Kenyan government announced in December that all refugees and asylum-seekers in Nairobi should move to Dadaab and Kakuma camps, we have seen a dramatic increase in attacks on refugees and Kenyans of ethnic Somali origin," said Lucy Kiama, Executive Director of the Refugee Consortium of Kenya speaking on behalf of the Urban Refugee Protection Network (URPN), an umbrella organization of agencies promoting human rights of refugees in Kenyan cities.
"Worryingly, the harassment and abuse are perpetrated not only by criminal gangs but also by the very law enforcement officials who are supposed to protect everyone in this country," Lucy Kiama added.
"We have also seen an increase in police-round ups, arbitrary arrests and harassment of refugees and persons of specific ethnicities by security officers in Nairobi. The URPN has documented reports of extortion, physical abuse and loss of property."
URPN said these incidents were sparked by the government's order on December 18 for all Somali refugees and asylum seekers to move to Dadaab Refugee Camp northeastern Kenya, and for all other refugees and asylum seekers in the country to move to Kakuma refugee camp in the northwest of the country.
The groups also voiced concerns about media coverage which they said links refugees to insecurity without producing evidence.
"This has aggravated xenophobic attitudes towards refugees and asylum seekers who are law-abiding people seeking protection from persecution and conflict in their home countries," said Solomon Wasia, Program Coordinator on Forced Migration, Kituo Cha Sheria.
"Refugees and asylum seekers are not a threat to national security."
At the same time, URPN said it condemned all acts of terrorism and that it remains committed to helping the Kenyan government to build a strong asylum system – which would exclude criminals from refugee status, as is the practice in international law.
The group also raised concerns over the instruction from the Ministry of Provincial Administration and Internal Security to the Ministry of Special Programmes to offer humanitarian assistance during the relocation as this sort of activity is not an emergency but a deliberate action and holding refugees at Thika Municipal Stadium amounts to arbitrary detention.
The URPN calls on all security officers to respect fundamental human rights and for all members of the general public to be tolerant of all persons regardless of nationality as we strive to work towards efforts for collective security and protection of human rights for all.
The Urban Refugee Protection Network (URPN) is a coordination forum comprising of agencies working on protection and the promotion of human rights and welfare of refugees in urban areas in Kenya.
• Refugee Consortium of Kenya (RCK)
• Kituo Cha Sheria (KCS)
• Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC)
• Heshima Kenya
• Centre for Domestic Training and Development (CDTD)
• HIAS Refugee Trust of Kenya (HIAS)
• Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS)
• International Rescue Committee
• Katiba Institute
For more information contact
Rufus Karanja, Refugee Consortium of Kenya, +254 724 279 772, firstname.lastname@example.org
Charles Njanga (email@example.com); +254 722386047
Jesuit Refugee Service focuses on the issue of urban refugees through global advocacy campaigns, as well as with educational and livelihoods programs for refugees living in urban areas. Specifically in Eastern Africa, JRS works to assist refugees in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Nairobi, Kenya; and Kampala, Uganda. JRS is a member of the Urban Refugee Protection Network (URPN).
JRS works in more than 50 countries around the world. The organization employs more than 1,200 staff: lay, Jesuits and other religious to meet the education, health, social and other needs of approximately 700,000 refugees and IDPs, more than half of whom are women. Its services are provided to refugees regardless of race, ethnic origin or religious beliefs.