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Other JRS Publications
JRS Publications
This section provides access to a variety of publications from Jesuit Refugee Service and Jesuit Refugee Service/USA. 

Legal Rights of Refugees in India
For decades now India has been home to a large number of refugee groups while not having signed the 1951 Convention for Refugees or established a national legislation governing refugees. This paper from Jesuit Refugee Service South Asia and the Indian Social Institute (ISI) on Rights of Refugees in India examines the policies enacted by the Indian government, often on a bilateral basis towards the important number of people seeking asylum in Indian Territory. It emphasizes the different treatment accorded to the diverse refugee groups resulting from the absence of a national legal framework dealing with them.

To explore this issue, the paper examines issues that refugees in the country face, mostly related to the access of their basic rights as refugees. Interviews were conducted mainly with small groups of Chin, Afghan and Somali refugees living in New Delhi. Furthermore, the paper highlights through a case study of the Tamil Sri Lankan refugees, the lack of durable solutions for the refugees that the Indian State has assisted for more than 30 years.

Recommendations in the paper urge India to create a legal mechanism treating equally the various categories of refugees. It is in the country’s interest to implement a more formalized, comprehensive national legal framework dealing with refugees in the country. It also advocates the pursuit of a comprehensive solutions plan with regard to the unique situation of the Sri Lankan refugees.

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A Fair Chance for Due Process: Challenges in Legal Protection for Central American Asylum Seekers and Other Vulnerable Migrants
This report captures efforts by Jesuit law schools to assist asylum seekers and migrants from Central America and challenges they face in delivering these services. In April 2015, JRS/USA, and Jesuit law schools launched a partnership to raise awareness about the plight of children and families from Central America seeking protection in the U.S.
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Europe: Rescued – what next? Protection seekers stranded in Sicily
Interviews conducted with migrants stranded in southern Italy expose the failure of European reception systems to uphold principles of human dignity, hospitality and fairness, according to the findings of a new report by the Jesuit Refugee Service. JRS calls for more intra-European solidarity to fund basic minimum reception services and asylum procedures, as well as search and rescue operations. Between 2007 and 2013, the EU allocated about 700 million euro to support asylum procedures, but almost 1,820 million euro for border controls.
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Migrants in Transit
Generalized violence and widespread impunity in Mexico, combined with the need to travel clandestinely with limited resources, makes migrants in transit through Mexico highly vulnerable to abuse, violence and exploitation at each and every stage of their journey.  Although the full extent of these crimes is unknown, testimonies gathered by human rights groups and migrant shelters document extortion, kidnapping[i], murder, robbery, human trafficking, sexual assault, and torture – at the hands of armed actors and corrupt officials.

[i] A report issued by Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission CNDH estimated that 11,333 migrants were kidnapped between April and September of 2010

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Inseguridad Permanente: abusos contra CentroamerIcanos en MéxIco
El contexto actual en el Triángulo del Norte de América Central, las capacidades y las debilidades del gobierno mexicano, y las investigaciones y la defensa de la sociedad civil son fundamentales para comprender la migración por México y los índices alarmantes de abuso que sufren los inmigrantes. Los problemas económicos y sociales de los países de origen de los inmigrantes motivan la migración y definen los recorridos y las vulnerabilidades de los inmigrantes en México. El gobierno mexicano ha tomado algunas medidas positivas para cumplir con sus obligaciones de proteger a los inmigrantes mediante garantías legales e institucionales. Pero sin una implementación sólida y una mayor responsabilidad de los oficiales del gobierno, el abuso a los inmigrantes posiblemente se mantenga injustificadamente alto y siga empeorando. Los datos demuestran esta tendencia en los últimos cuatro años. Entretanto, la sociedad civil ha cumplido un rol fundamental al mejorar la protección de los inmigrantes mediante investigaciones, informes y defensa que concientizan sobre los graves abusos que sufren los inmigrantes. Además, presiona al gobierno mexicano y a la comunidad internacional para que tomen medidas.

For the English language version of this report, please see below.

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Persistent Insecurity: Abuses Against Central Americans in Mexico
The current context in Central America’s Northern Triangle, the capabilities and weaknesses of the Mexican government, and civil society research and advocacy are all critical to understanding migration through Mexico and the alarming rates of abuse that migrants suffer. Economic and social problems in migrants’ countries of origin both motivate migration and shape migrants’ journeys and vulnerabilities in Mexico. The Mexican government has taken some positive steps to fulfill its obligations to protect migrants through legal and institutional safeguards, but without more robust implementation and better accountability for government officials, migrant abuse is likely to remain inexcusably high and continue to worsen, a trend shown by data from the last four years. Meanwhile, civil society has played a crucial role in improving the protection of migrants through research, reports, and advocacy that raise awareness of the serious abuses that migrants suffer and by pressuring the Mexican government and international community into action.

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Documented Failures: the Consequences of Immigration Policy on the U.S. — Mexico Border
Documented Failures: the Consequences of Immigration Policy on the U.S. — Mexico Border presents systematic documentation of the experiences of migrant women, men and children repatriated from the United States to cities along Mexico's northern border, with particular emphasis on the Nogales, Arizona/Nogales, Sonora, Mexico area. Read the Executive Summary by clicking here, download the full report PDF on this page.
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JRS/USA Frankie Andrews
Frankie's Essay
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