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Recommended Reading Archive
Welcome to the Jesuit Refugee Service/USA Recommended Reading archive of material.
  • Archive V
  • Archive IV
  • Archive III
  • Archive II
  • Archive I
Archive V

Citizen or Subordinate: Permutations of Belonging in the United States and the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic and the United States have both experienced tensions arising from migratory flows from poorer, less stable neighbors. Until recently, both countries had constitutions which conferred citizenship by birth with very limited exceptions. Despite these similarities, their respective discourses around jus soli citizenship, particularly for the children of unauthorized migrants from the poorer neighboring countries, have manifested in different ways. 

The identity of the United States as a nation of immigrants has limited the success of campaigns to revoke jus soli citizenship for the children of unauthorized immigrants, but the persistent articulation of this idea as a response to illegal migration has shifted the parameters of the immigration debate. In the Dominican Republic, the historical construction of national identity and anti-Haitian discourse has led to an evolution in Dominican law which codifies already established practices that deny citizenship to children of Haitian migrants. In both cases, movements that support more inclusive understandings of societal belonging, like the DREAMers in the United States and youth movements in the Dominican Republic, may offer the most effective way of protecting universal jus soli citizenship regimes. 

Click here to read a PDF of the report. It is written by Shaina Aber, Jesuit Conference of the United States and Mary Small, Jesuit Refugee Service/USA and published in the Journal on Migration and Human Security.

Bordering on Failure: Canada-U.S. Border Policy and the Politics of Refugee Exclusion

The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Clinic (HIRC) released a comprehensive report titled Bordering on Failure: Canada-U.S. Border Policy and the Politics of Refugee Exclusion.  The result of extensive research and fact-finding investigations led by HIRC affiliates Dr. Efrat Arbel (SJD ’12) and Alletta Brenner (JD ’14), the report finds that Canada is systematically closing its borders to asylum seekers, and failing in its refugee protection obligations under domestic and international law. 

To view the report, please click here.

Children on the Run

As crime and violence have increased dramatically in Mexico and Central America in recent years, UNHCR has tracked a notable increase in the number of asylum-seekers—both children and adults—particularly from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala lodging claims in the region. While the United States is receiving the majority of the new asylum claims, combined, Mexico, Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Belize, documented a 432% increase in the number of asylum applications from citizens of these three countries.

Among these numbers is a troubling new trend. The number of children from these countries, making the treacherous journey alone and unaccompanied, has doubled each year since 2011, and the U.S. government estimated—and is on track to reach—60,000 children arriving to U.S. soil seeking safe haven in this fiscal year. While the number of children from Mexico has far outpaced the number of children from any one of the three Central American countries, most of these children are promptly returned to Mexico after no more than a day or two in the custody of the US authorities making it even more difficult to obtain a full picture of who these children are and why they are coming to the U.S.

UNHCR's latest report, Children on the Run, unveils the humanitarian impact of the situation by analyzing the reasons that 404 unaccompanied children gave to a team of researchers for why they left their homes and makes recommendations for a way forward.

Forced Migration Review 48: 'Faith and responses to displacement'

The role of faith in the humanitarian sector is not easy to measure. Faiths generally advocate welcoming the stranger, and there are many organizations (and individuals) inspired by their faith or religion to assist people in need, and many faith leaders and communities who act locally to provide protection and aid. Yet it is easier to measure the activities inspired by faith than to measure the difference that having that faith makes, and secularly inspired standards for such activities can appear to be in tension with the faith inspiration.

Two articles in particular discuss the Jesuit Refugee Service mission of accompaniment. The first — The value of accompaniment — is co-written by Fr Joe Hampson S.J. Fr Hampson worked with JRS for 14 years. The second article — The contribution of FBOs working with the displaced — is by Fr David Holdcroft S.J. Fr Holdcroft is the Regional Director of Jesuit Refugee Service Southern Africa.

This issue of FMR includes a wide range of articles relating to the feature theme 'Faith,' plus seven general articles looking at the 40th anniversary of the OAU Convention, work and refugee integration in Sweden, Kashmiri Pandits in India, violence in Central America, displacement in Mexico, and the status of refugee integration in Uganda. Click here to visit the FMR issue of Faith.

How Immigration Enforcement Practices in Southern Mexico Limit Migrant Children's Access to International Protection

On April 13, 2015, members of the Georgetown Law Human Rights Institute Fact-Finding Project released a report documenting the experiences of unaccompanied minors and migrant families fleeing Central America who are apprehended at the southern Mexico border. The report, The Cost of Stemming the Tide: How Immigration Enforcement Practices in Southern Mexico Limit Migrant Children's Access to International Protection, captures some of the reasons why so few children apply for and receive international protection in Mexico after they are apprehended, and sheds new light on the humanitarian consequences of U.S. support for migrant interdiction and enforcement efforts in Mexico and Central America.

Click here to view and download the report.

Our Values on the Line: Migrant Abuse and Family Separation at the Border

Commissioned by the Jesuit Conference of Canada and the United States and the Kino Border Initiative — a bi-national organization in Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, which works to promote humane U.S.-Mexico border and immigration policies — the report Our Values on the Line: Migrant Abuse and Family Separation at the Border details the results of an in-depth survey of 358 Mexican migrants deported from the United States to the border city of Nogales, Mexico. The survey was conducted between July 2014 and March 2015, and the chief findings were corroborated by a short-form survey of 7,507 migrants. Both surveys were conducted in Nogales, Mexico, at the Kino Border Initiative.

How Robust Refugee Protection Policies Can Strengthen Human and National Security

This paper from the Center for Migration Studies makes the case that refugee protection and national security should be viewed as complementary, not conflicting state goals. It argues that refugee protection can further the security of refugees, affected states, and the international community. Refugees and international migrants can also advance national security by contributing to a state’s economic vitality, military strength, diplomatic standing, and civic values. The paper identifies several strategies that would, if implemented, promote both security and refugee protection. It also outlines additional steps that the U.S. Congress should take to enhance U.S. refugee protection policies and security. Finally, it argues for the efficacy of political engagement in support of pro-protection, pro-security policies, and against the assumption that political populism will invariably impede support for refugee protection.

Unlocking Human Dignity: Transforming the U.S. Immigrant Detention System

Unlocking Human Dignity: A Plan to Transform the U.S. Immigrant Detention System addresses one of the most troubled features of the U.S. immigration system and highlights the need for fundamental changes to it. 

The report comes six years since the inception of the Obama administration’s detention reform initiative. In the interim, the number of immigrant detainees per year has risen to more than 400,000, the administration has opened immense new family detention centers, and the overwhelming majority of persons in the custody of the Department of Homeland Security have remained in prisons, jails and other secure facilities where they are subject to standards designed for criminal defendants and, in many ways, treated more harshly than criminals.

Click here to read more.

Archive IV

Bordering on Failure: Canada-U.S. Border Policy and the Politics of Refugee Exclusion

The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Clinic (HIRC) released a comprehensive report titled Bordering on Failure: Canada-U.S. Border Policy and the Politics of Refugee Exclusion.  The result of extensive research and fact-finding investigations led by HIRC affiliates Dr. Efrat Arbel (SJD ’12) and Alletta Brenner (JD ’14), the report finds that Canada is systematically closing its borders to asylum seekers, and failing in its refugee protection obligations under domestic and international law. 

Alternatives to Detention

On a daily basis women, children and men are detained for immigration purposes around the world. Immigration detention is extremely expensive, can harm the health and wellbeing of those detained and has been found to not be effective at deterring irregular migrants. Global research spanning two years, conducted by La Trobe University and the International Detention Coalition, found cheaper alternatives that work effectively in the interests of government, communities and the individual. Discover the Handbook and CAP, the Community Assessment and Placement model.

Aftermath: Deportation Law and the New American Diaspora

Prof. Daniel Kanstroom, Associate Director of the Boston College Center for Human Rights and International Justice, has just published Aftermath: Deportation Law and the New American Diaspora. The book explores the impact of deportation on life of those deported. An excerpt, "Deportation laws destroy lives," is available on the Salon website by clicking here.

Prof. Kanstroom also appeared on National Public Radio's The Takeaway on July 5, discussing the book. Listen to the audio by clicking here

Forced Migration Review — 'States of fragility' 

Many states fail in their responsibilities to their citizens but those states which are fragile, failed or weak are particularly liable to render their citizens vulnerable. This latest issue of FMR includes 24 articles on fragile states and displacement, going behind the definitions, typologies and indicators to explore some of the concepts and realities, looking at a variety of cases and discussing some of the humanitarian and development responses.

In addition this issue contains eight further 'general articles' on other aspects of displacement.

Forced Migration Review issue 45, 'Crisis'

Many people who are displaced, or become ‘trapped’, in the context of diverse humanitarian crises do not fit well within existing legal, policy and operational frameworks for the protection of refugees and IDPs. This raises questions about whether there needs to be – or can be – more systematic ways of dealing with assistance and protection for people affected by ‘crises’ such as environmental disruption, gang violence, nuclear disasters, food shortages and so on.

FMR 45 contains 33 'theme' articles on crisis, migration and displacement, and eight 'general' articles on subjects including Typhoon Haiyan, reparations in Latin America, discrimination in Burma, IDPs in Kenya, asylum in Lebanon, and contextualising educational standards.

Forced Migration Review: Detention and deportation

Asylum seekers and refugees — men, women and even children — are increasingly detained and interned around the world, as are numbers of other migrants. Sometimes detained indefinitely and often in appalling conditions, they may suffer not only deprivation of their liberty but other abuses of their human rights too. 

Detention may appear to be a convenient solution to states’ political quest to manage migration (often as a precursor to deportation) but it is an expensive option and has lasting effects on those detained. In the search for a more humane – and cheaper – approach, agencies and government authorities have trialled a variety of alternatives to detention.

Forced Migration Review 44 includes 36 articles on immigration detention, alternatives to detention, and deportation, plus a mini-feature on the Syria crisis and a selection of other articles. 

Afghanistan's displaced people: 2014 and beyond

2014 is widely seen as marking a watershed for Afghanistan with its legacy of 35 years of conflict and one of the world’s largest populations in protracted displacement. International military forces are being withdrawn and the country is ‘in transition’, and there is still considerable uncertainty about the capacity of the country to address the challenges of return, integration and reintegration, protection, access to rights, and continuing displacement. FMR 46 contains 21 articles on Afghanistan, plus a mini-feature on Statelessness.

Archived Items Vol. III

Forced Migration Review: North Africa and displacement 2011-2012 

The so-called Arab Spring continues to reverberate locally, regionally and geopolitically. The 20 articles in this issue of Forced Migration Review reflect on some of the experiences, challenges and lessons of the Arab Spring in North Africa, the implications of which resonate far wider than the region itself. The article the article "Resettlement is needed for Refugees in Tunisia" was written by Jesuit Refugee Service International Advocacy Coordinator Amaya Valcárcel.

Please click here for options to read online or to download a PDF of the full issue or individual articles.

Forced Migration Review: Preventing Displacement

Being displaced puts people at a higher risk of being both impoverished and unable to enjoy their human rights. Such a situation is worth preventing – but not at any cost. The 23 articles in the theme section of FMR 41 address the causes of displacement, look at how to manage situations that might cause displacement so as to make staying a better option, and examine the legal and institutional context within which all this occurs. 

Breaking the Silence: In Search of Colombia's Disappeared

Colombia has one of the highest levels of forced disappearances in the world. Mention the word “disappearance” in the Latin American context and most people think only about Chile, where 3,000 people were killed or disappeared, or Argentina, where some 30,000 people were disappeared in the "dirty war." Yet new information is emerging that is unveiling the tragic dimensions of Colombia’s missing.

Little attention has been paid to disappearances in Colombia. This may be simply because the death toll from assassinations, massacres, criminal murders, and battlefield casualties— where there are bodies—is so high that disappearances have remained out of focus. The government’s ability to project an image of success has also served to make disappearances, along with other human rights abuses, less visible. That the conflict is still raging makes it hard to bring attention to a crime where the proof is by definition invisible. 

Download the PDF from the Latin America Working Group Education Fund to learn more.

A pattern of abuses against migrants in transit in Mexico

The Washington Office on Latin America promotes human rights, democracy and social and economic justice in Latin America and the Caribbean. WOLA facilitates dialogue between governmental and non-governmental actors, monitors the impact of policies and programs of governments and international organizations, and promotes alternatives through reporting, education, training and advocacy. Founded in 1974 by a coalition of civic and religious leaders, WOLA works closely with civil society organizations and government officials throughout the Americas. WOLA has released a report about abuses faced by migrants in Mexico.

The August 2010 massacre of 72 migrants in Tamaulipas, Mexico was not an isolated event but rather an alarming example of the daily abuses suffered by migrants in transit in the country, concludes a report published today by the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) and the Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez Human Rights Center (Center Prodh). 

The report, "A Dangerous Journey Through Mexico: Human Rights Violations Against Migrants in Transit," documents how migrants, primarily Central Americans, are often beaten, extorted, sexually abused, and/or kidnapped by criminal groups while they travel through Mexico on their way to the United States. It discusses the failure of the Mexican government to protect migrants in transit and the direct participation or acquiescence of Mexican authorities in several cases of abuse. Drawing from work of migrants’ rights organizations, the report includes testimonies of three migrants who were kidnapped by criminal groups in Mexico.

Haiti Photo Exhibit

More than one year after the devastating earthquake on January 12, 2010, conditions in Haiti remain dire. Today there are approximately 800,000 displaced Haitians and the lack of food, clean water, and other necessities is an ongoing crisis throughout the country. The cholera epidemic has claimed the lives of more than 4,672 Haitians and hospitalized 252,640 others. This photo and story exhibition is a commemorative piece that captures the ongoing plight of Haitians, their spirit of perseverance, and how grassroots and other civil society leaders are striving to create a more equitable Haiti. The images and stories comprised in this exhibition are from member organizations of the Haiti Advocacy Working Group and their Haitian grassroots partners.

The Haiti Advocacy Working Group was formed shortly after the devastating January 12, 2010 earth- quake to coordinate advocacy efforts for effective and just disaster relief, reconstruction and long- term U.S. development policy toward Haiti. 

This PDF is a catalog of the March 28—30, 2011 HAWG Photo Exhibit in the Rayburn House Office Building Foyer in Washington, D.C.

Louder than words: An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers

This report is published to mark the 10th anniversary year of the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC). It examines the record of states in protecting children from use in hostilities by their own forces and by state-allied armed groups.

It finds for example that 10 states deployed children in hostilities as part of their national armiesbetween January 2010 and June 2012. These are: Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Libya, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, the UK and Yemen.

The report illustrates that whilst international commitment to ensuring the protection of children is high (over three quarters of the world’s states are party to the Optional Protocol), in practice a significant number of states have yet to translate their words into action. The report also contains a 10-point checklist to assist states and other stakeholders in assessing risk and identifying the legal and practical measures needed to end child soldier use by government forces and allied armed groups.

Archived Items Vol. II

Driven from Home

This thought-provoking new book edited by David Hollenbach, S.J. brings together contributors from several disciplines, including international affairs, law, ethics, economics, and theology, to advocate for better responses to protect the global community’s most vulnerable citizens. This collection approaches the problem through the lens of ethics, questioning the definition of a refugee as stated in the 1951 Refugee Convention. Internally displaced persons are not protected by this convention, nor are persons displaced due to economic or environmental causes. Is a person who is forced to choose between leaving his or her country and starving due to economic deprivation not a forced migrant? Do those people who are driven from their homes due to the growth of deserts or rising sea levels not also deserve protection? Proposing a creative and effective human rights framework to guide political and policy responses to forced migration, Driven from Home blends practical experience working with forced migrants with probing analysis of the causes and possible responses to their plight.

Rights of the Stateless

Equal Rights Trust has published a new report on statelessness, "Unravelling Anomaly: Detention, Discrimination and the Protection Needs of Stateless Persons." The report has a particular emphasis on the issue of detention. The report discovers that presently international human rights law is not sufficiently utilized to protect and fulfill the human rights of stateless persons. This is partly due to the existence of the parallel "statelessness mechanism” in international law which affords more restricted and modest protection to the stateless. The resultant lacuna in protection which is manifestly clear in detention related issues must be effectively addressed, and this report proposes recommendations in this regard.

Migration and Global Justice

Gillian Brock develops a viable cosmopolitan model of global justice that takes seriously the equal moral worth of persons, yet leaves scope for defensible forms of nationalism and for other legitimate identifications and affiliations people have. Brock addresses two prominent kinds of skeptic about global justice: those who doubt its feasibility and those who believe that cosmopolitanism interferes illegitimately with the defensible scope of nationalism by undermining goods of national importance, such as authentic democracy or national self-determination.

Urban Refugees in Nairobi

The traditional image of life in tented, sprawling camps no longer tells the full refugee story. As the world urbanizes, refugees too are increasingly moving to built up areas – including large towns and cities. Refugees move to the city in the hope of finding a sense of community, safety and economic independence. However, in reality, what many actually find is harassment, physical assault and poverty. Yet there has been scant research into their situation and funding and resources available to assist urban refugees are  limited. The Humanitarian Policy Group at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the International Rescue Committee and the Refugee Consortium of Kenya have written a working paper to better understand the policy framework for refugees in Kenya and current assistance available to them.

Rule of Law in Haiti After the Earthquake

The United States Institute of Peace hosted an event on February 12, 2010 entitled "Haiti: Rule of Law After the Earthquake" at which René Magloire, the special adviser to the president of Haiti on legal affairs and in charge of legal reform (and two-time minister of Justice) spoke. This Peace Brief by Vivienne O’Connor, a senior rule of law adviser, summarizes and builds upon this event.

From Kakuma to Canada

Displaced from her Sudanese home at the age of four, Liz Atong grew up in Kakuma, a refugee camp in Kenya about 60 miles from the Sudanese border. After completing primary school, she earned a scholarship from Jesuit Refugee Service, which has ongoing ties to Kakuma. The scholarship allowed her to study at a Kenyan high school outside of the camp. The e?orts of Vancouver Island University fourth year Anthropology student Kalila Wilkinson led Atong to receive the opportunity to study in Canada as VIU’s ?rst sponsored student refugee.


The University of Oxford is a world-leader in the study of international migration, whether forced or voluntary. 

MigrationOxford has been developed by three collaborating centres in the Social Sciences Division: Refugee Studies Centre (RSC), the Centre on Migration Policy and Society (COMPAS) and the International Migration Institute (IMI).

Cluster Munitions: No Middle Ground on Absolute Ban

The Convention on Cluster Munitions is the only viable solution to ending the scourge of cluster munitions, Human Rights Watch said. As diplomats in Geneva opened discussions on a weak alternative, Human Rights Watch said that eliminating the harm caused by these inhumane weapons requires the absolute and comprehensive ban contained in the convention.

The 224-page book, Meeting the Challenge: Protecting Civilians through the Convention on Cluster Munitions, is the culmination of a decade of research by Human Rights Watch. It details the humanitarian toll of cluster munitions, analyzes the international process that resulted in the treaty successfully banning them, and presents the steps that nations that have signed the convention should take to fulfill its promise.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Past Present. Future?

The Democratic Republic of Congo is unfortunately synonymous with its dreadful past and its terrible present, despite its beauty, complex history and unachieved potential. Locked not only into its own internal troubles but also into those of the Great Lakes region, it has provided more than enough material on forced migration, violence and political quagmires for the latest issue of Forced Migration Review. 

While the articles contained in this issue of FMR make grim reading, they also offer glimmers of hope for better outcomes, at least potentially, alongside analysis of how and why these things have been happening. Authors come from Congolese civil society, UN agencies and NGOs, Congolese and donor governments, and international research – and include articles by the former UN Relief Coordinator John Holmes and the former Humanitarian Coordinator in DRC Ross Mountain. This issue also contains a further seven articles on other forced migration-related subjects.

The Asylumist

The Asylumist is a blog about political asylum in the United States. They hope it will serve as a forum for discussion about the law, policy, and politics of asylum. The Asylumist cover issues related to asylees’ mental health, their experience in the asylum system, and their adjustment to life in the United States. 

DREAM Act Class of 2001-2010

DREAM Act Class of 2001-2010: Profiles of DREAMers with List of DREAM Act Supporters from the National Immigration Law Center.

Migration as a Tool for Disaster Recovery: A Case Study on U.S. Policy Options for Post-Earthquake Haiti - Working Paper 255

Allowing victims of natural disaster to migrate can play a critical role in the recovery of the affected country, but the United States has no system that allows for this type of assistance. Victims of natural disasters do not qualify as refugees under U.S. or international law, and migration policies toward those fleeing disasters are haphazard and tightly constrained. In this paper, with a foreword by Michael Clemens, Murray and Williamson explore the legal means by which this could change to make migration an inexpensive tool among many for post-disaster assistance.

The authors focus on Haiti, but their conclusions apply to other disasters and those yet to come. The proposed policy would not open the gates to all, but rather seek to identify those most in need of protection and provide a legal channel for entry and integration into American life.

The Center for Global Development works to reduce global poverty and inequality through rigorous research and active engagement with the policy community to make the world a more prosperous, just, and safe place for us all.  A nimble, independent, nonpartisan, and nonprofit think tank, CGD combines world-class research with policy analysis and innovative communications to turn ideas into action.

Archived Items Vol. I

• Just Like Us
Helen Thorpe's Just Like Us takes us deep into an American subculture -- that of Mexican immigrants -- largely hidden from the mainstream. We meet four girls on the eve of their senior prom, in Denver, Colorado; two of the four are undocumented. All four hold American aspirations, but only Clara and Elissa have the documents necessary to realize those hopes. Their friendship starts to divide along lines of immigration status. Then a political firestorm begins. An illegal immigrant commits a horrendous crime in Denver, and a local congressman seizes on the act as proof of all that is wrong with American society. Arguments over immigration rage fiercely, and the girls' lives play out against a backdrop of intense debate over whether they have any right to live in the country where they have grown up.

• Book examines migration and Catholic social teaching
Woodstock Theological Center, in collaboration with CLINIC and Fairfield University, has produced a new book: And You Welcomed Me: Migration and Catholic Social Teaching.  Edited by Donald Kerwin, vice-president for programs at the Migration Policy Institute, and Jill Marie Gerschutz, migration policy director at the Jesuit Conference, the book considers Catholic Social Teaching on immigration from a multidisciplinary perspective. Click the headline for more information and to order the book; for discount information, download this flyer. And You Welcomed Me aims to reframe perspectives on migration by focusing on the human beings at the heart of this phenomenon. It analyzes trade, immigration, labor, national security, and integration policies in light of the core Catholic commitment to the common good, human dignity, authentic development, and solidarity.

• Report urges immigration reform
"The continued failure to devise and implement a sound and sustainable immigration policy threatens to weaken America’s economy, to jeopardize its diplomacy, and to imperil its national security," concludes a new Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Independent Task Force co-chaired by former Florida governor Jeb Bush and former White House chief of staff Thomas "Mack" McLarty. "The stakes are too high to fail," says the report. "If the United States continues to mishandle its immigration policy, it will damage one of the vital underpinnings of American prosperity and security, and could condemn the country to a long, slow decline in its status in the world." For this reason, the report urges: "The United States needs a fundamental overhaul of its immigration laws."

Every year, thousands of people try to breach the walls of Fortress Europe, risking everything in a gamble for safety, for a life better than the war, poverty and repression they were born into. Too late they realize how high the stakes are, where rigid, indiscriminate migration policies and unscrupulous human smugglers who feed off of their abundant misery and slim hope. As of October 2009, at least 14,860 people had been reported missing or killed trying to cross Europe’s borders since 1988, most of them at sea. In ‘Do they Know?’ JRS shares the experiences of some Eritreans and Somalis in Malta, who passed through Libya between 2004 and 2009 during their harrowing odyssey to reach Europe. Click the headline to download a PDF of the report.

• Documentary film about Liberian peace movement
In the award-winning documentary Pray the Devil Back to Hell, Liberian women determined to bring dignity and peace back to their country stand up to both their government and rebel warlords, armed only with white t-shirts and courage. Their story has inspired legions of fans during the film’s nationwide theatrical run, multiple festival awards, and international screenings.

• Report highlights migrant abuses in Mexico
The National Human Rights Commission of Mexico released a report on the 19th of June documenting the vulnerability of migrants to kidnapping and abuse in Mexico. When realizing the high frequency of kidnappings against migrants and its growing tendency, this national organization started this investigation with the objective of calling attention to authorities so they could put greater emphasis on preventing the problem.The contents of this document are based on migrants testimonies. Download a PDF, translated to English, of the report here.

• Hope in Anxious Times
Amid daily headlines announcing economic meltdown, the impulse to cling tightly to what one has is powerful. It is perhaps a counterintuitive message for this particular moment in America, but one San Francisco area nun suggests that the best, most rewarding response we can have to uncertain times is a welcoming, open-hearted posture to foreigners in our communities who have survived far worse than a job layoff—and may have a great deal to teach us about the things in life that truly matter.