Education remains out of reach for many girls around the world. In Kakuma and other refugee camps, girls continue to face difficulties when it comes to accessing education. They are the first to be kept out of school to help with family chores, such as collecting water and childcare. In cases where a girl is the head of the household, she will receive the food token from camp staff so that she can queue for her family’s food, making it impossible for her to go to class. The vulnerability of girls in refugee camps can lead to more serious problems that are particularly linked to gender including forced early marriage, domestic violence, sexual abuse, and rape. Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) tackles these issues through a variety of interventions.
Safe Haven is a JRS protection center in Kakuma for women and girls who have experienced gender-based violence. The Center empowers resident women by providing skills training and other capacity-building activities. The women receive instructions on child protection and personal hygiene to improve the quality of parental care given to their children, many of whom still exhibit signs of trauma. They also attend tailoring, bead work, and catering classes, which give them the skills they need to generate some income for themselves. Some of things they make include bags, ornaments, and bracelets.
Because the center’s protocol restricts their movement for safety reasons, the program helps them to market their products by taking advantage of events that attract crowds, like the celebration of international days, inter-agency coordination meetings, and also the arrival of visitors to the camp. The products are also sold through the JRS Mikono Shop in Nairobi. Currently, JRS is working towards organizing registered self-help groups for the women. This would enable them to save money to begin a start-up fund for when they leave the protection center.
The Sunshine School is an early childhood education program for children from the age of six and up who are admitted to Safe Haven with their mothers. The children receive weekly art and play therapy in addition to the normal learning activities. The therapy helps improve their social well-being and enhances their ability to positively cope with trauma and to develop healthy interpersonal relationships. After the age of 14, girls are enrolled into primary and secondary boarding schools within the camp, to improve their transition into mainstream education when they are discharged from the center.
Girls with special needs in Kakuma comprise a particularly vulnerable group in the resource-deprived context of the camp. Some of these girls receive scholarships from JRS to enable them to attend specialized schools outside the camp, as this is the only way for them to access education. Camp schools are too overcrowded and have neither the personnel or the requisite equipment to adequately manage the education of special needs children.
Through efforts to break down the obstacles to their studies, JRS continues to ensure that refugee girls receive an education. It is our hope that these programs will help release the untapped potential of girls and women in Kakuma, which is just waiting to be harnessed.